Scientists are already building the foundation for 6G, which will be rolled out in about a decade. According to the researchers, 6G not only provides faster phones and wireless internet, but also artificial intelligence (AI) computing at the level of a human brain.

This is stated in a new IEEE paper, published by researcher Dr. Ted Rappaport of NYU and his colleagues, writes Venturebeat. The report focuses on applications for the wireless spectrum from 100 GHz to 3 terahertz (THz). This is a “submillimeter wave”, which consists of safe frequencies that can be used for communication before they reach optical, x-ray, gamma ray and cosmic ray wavelengths.

According to Dr. Rappaport and his team, 5G networks can ultimately deliver speeds of 100 Gbps. The problem, however, is that the signal compaction technology does not yet exist to enable this speed, not even on the current millimetre wave bands. Opening up the terahertz frequencies creates new bandwidths for wireless use, allowing unthinkable amounts and types of data to be transmitted in a second.

For example, it should then be possible for wireless devices to remotely transmit amounts of computational data similar to that of a human brain. This must also be possible in real time. According to the researchers, these frequencies are the first in the wireless spectrum that can do real-time calculations for wireless human capabilities. For example, a wireless drone could be remotely controlled by an AI the size of a server, which is as good as a good human pilot.

A thousand dollars

Similar concepts are already being developed for 5G, but with people in charge. With 6G, all this has to be done by an AI that is as good as a human being, sending large amounts of observation and response data back and forth. The researchers state that Moore’s law suggests that by 2036 a computer with computing power at the level of a human brain will be sold to end users for a thousand dollars. 6G should provide earlier access to this level of computers.

In addition, the team of researchers expects that the submillimetre spectra will enable improvements to be made to existing technologies. These include cameras that can see in the dark, HD radar and terahertz security body scanning. In addition, it should enable a transition from fibre to wireless fibre.

This news article was automatically translated from Dutch to give a head start. All news articles after September 1, 2019 are written in native English and NOT translated. All our background stories are written in native English as well. For more information read our launch article.