IBM will develop a quantum supercomputer over the next 10 years, in cooperation with universities in Tokyo and Chicago. This supercomputer should eventually consist of 100,000 qubits.

Among other things, the collaborative project, for which an amount of $100 million will be allocated, should further expand the tech giant’ s existing roadmap in the field of quantum computing. Cooperation with the relevant universities and also the entire in-house ecosystem for this is essential, according to IBM.

New challenges

With the new quantum supercomputer, the tech giant wants to tackle problems that current supercomputers cannot (yet) solve. Think especially of understanding complex chemical processes and molecular processes for climate change research, materials for electric vehicle batteries and sustainable energy networks.

Three stages

The development plan of the large quantum supercomputer is planned in three stages. The first stage is the launch of the new 133-qubit IBM “Heron” processor at the end of this year. This processor includes a two-qubit port for improved performance and comptability with future extensions for modular processors.

The second step is the introduction of IBM Quantum System Two. This is a modular and flexible system for greater scalability that includes classic control electronics as well as high-density cryogenic wiring infrastructure.

The third and final phase is the introduction of quantum middleware. These are tools for running workloads on both classical and quantum processors. Among other things, they enable disintegration, parallel running and rebuilding of workloads.

Also read: IBM introduces Osprey quantum processor with 433 qubits