3 min

The international debate over 5G technology has brought competing regions to an impasse. The conversations also reflect political spats between the United States, Europe, and China about creating and deploying future technology.

The growth of technologies seems to have become more crucial since outdated networks are being decommissioned. For example, EE and Vodafone want to shut down 3G networks in the United Kingdom by 2023.

But who chooses the next-generation network’s criteria and how far they apply will be equally crucial for the global defense and individual safety and the geopolitical of technology deployment throughout the world.

According to the head of network technology for communications, media, and information for the EU and UK at Tata Consultancy Services, Priya Chopra, “5G has been described as essential for economic progress.”

Has China been targeted?

So far, Huawei, the Chinese technology corporation, has become the most visible victim of the political standoff. After 2021, the UK government barred it from providing technology to its shores, reducing its revenue growth. However, Beijing has been aggressive in its attempts to set the pace for 5G, a strategy that has posed a challenge to US attempts to ban Chinese technology.

According to Chopra, the expenses of this conflict are carried not just by Huawei but also by other enterprises. She said: “Some of the immediate impacts are felt due to Chinese telecom equipment, intensive auditing of telecom products by technical specialists, the review and certification of network technology, and involvement in encryption requirements at application levels.”

Role of Europe

Europe is trying to play a role in the development of connectivity standards. Having 5G available all over and regulating its use are among many of the Digital Decade Principles proposed by the European Commission in January to steer the EU’s digitalization.

In addition, the German and French governments pledged €17.7 million in support for four 5G initiatives in January. Some include open 5G networks in office parks and 5G operation room systems to boost tele-support.

The French minister for the economy, finance, and recovery, Bruno Le Maire, said while talking about the Franco-German ecosystem: “It will play a key role to position Europe at the forefront of innovation in 5G and its evolutions.”

What is the United States of America doing?

In January, the largest US airlines warned that the imminent introduction of 5G threatened to ground flights across the country by interfering with equipment needed for take-off and landing.

DeNadris had the following comment: “In no advanced society should the issue of 5G antenna placement be making the news. This should be behind the scenes, not mediated by social media mobs. This is not how tech policy should be done in any way.” She believes that the quarrel would exacerbate public skepticism in 5G, previously more prominent in Europe.

While the argument over 5G standards remains, conversations regarding its replacement, 6G, have been ongoing. The rivalry is escalating. To avoid repeating the 5G challenges, the Center for a New American Security, a Washington DC think tank, advised in December that the US develop a 6G plan, increase financing, and improve coordination with allies.